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Siegel & Coonerty / 8.8.2022

How Is a Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosed?

How Is a Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosed?

The Importance of a Proper TBI Diagnosis to Your Recovery

Head injuries are some of the most devastating types of trauma that can occur after an accident. Whether they are the result of a car crash, medical malpractice, or sport-related accident, traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can be life-changing. A proper diagnosis from a medical professional can help ensure that you receive the compensation you need and deserve after an accident.

At Siegel & Coonerty, we provide compassionate representation for traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors. Our record-setting legal team has recovered millions in verdicts and settlements on behalf of our clients. If you have sustained a traumatic brain injury, contact our office at (212) 532-0532 to speak directly to a dedicated TBI advocate. All consultations are free and without obligation to retain our firm. 

Obtaining a Diagnosis for a Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a medical diagnosis. While there is no single test that is used to confirm a TBI, the results of several exams may be used to determine the severity of the injury. TBIs can be relatively minor (mild concussion) or may require emergency surgery to relieve pressure or bleeding (severe TBI). 

Types of tests used to diagnose a TBI:

  • - Neurological exam - Neurological exams will evaluate a person’s thinking, motor skills, reflexes, eye movement, coordination, and sensory function to determine if there was a TBI and the seriousness of the condition. Tests may focus on speech and language, cognition, breathing, and more.

  • - Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - The Glasgow Coma Scale is a 15-point test that can help a healthcare provider determine the severity of a head injury. A higher score (13+) indicates a mild TBI. A score of 8 or lower indicates a severe TBI.

  • - Imaging tests - The two most commonly utilized imaging tests are computerized tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While CTs and MRIs cannot detest all traumatic brain injuries, they are an essential tool in determining whether a person needs immediate medical attention. Imaging tests are often used to detect intracranial bleeding, swelling, or blood clots. 

  • - Intracranial pressure monitoring - If swelling is detected, a doctor may insert a probe into the skull to monitor intracranial pressure. Unchecked brain tissue swelling may cause a stroke or aneurysm. 


Obtaining an early diagnosis can ensure that you receive the treatment you need. Untreated TBIs can worsen and become life-threatening. Any head injury should be monitored closely by a medical professional. 

Why a Diagnosis Is Important

Traumatic brain injuries can be extremely dangerous. A medical diagnosis is imperative to helping you get the right treatment and preventing further harm. A diagnosis can also help prove your case and make sure that you receive compensation to cover your medical bills and the cost of future medical treatments and rehabilitation.

Without a diagnosis, it may be difficult to prove the severity of your injury. A good rule of thumb is that any trauma to the head or neck should be looked at by a medical professional as soon as possible.

Experienced, Focused Representation for TBI Survivors

If you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury, contact our office at (212) 532-0532 to book a free consultation. Cases are handled on a contingency fee basis, meaning there are no fees unless we win. Call today to get started.

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